Migration flows from Egypt to Europe, and especially to Italy, increased over the 2000s and peaked in 2010: there were 30,816 new permits holders for all of Europe and 21,532 for Italy. As of October 2016, 12,766 migrants had disembarked in Italy from Egypt during 2016. This represents an increase of + 17.5 % over the same period of 2015 (10,856). A major incident took place in Egyptian waters on the coast of Rasheed on 21 September, with a death toll of at least 178 migrants (Françoise De Bel-Air, 2016). Egyptian emigrants are most often young men belonging to rural rather than urban areas. Migrants and refugees take to the Central Mediterranean route both because they are driven from their country of origin (“push factors”) and because they are drawn to Europe (“pull factors”) (Desperate Migration, 2017).
CARES, along with a mixture of Egyptian universities, public and private Egyptian entities, and European universities, is working to develop a capacity-building program to support the Egyptian rural community, providing them with the necessary qualified graduates and university expertise to improve agricultural productivity, enable more sustainable food production, develop poor villages, and enhance farmers’ income and their living conditions to prevent mass migration to Egyptian cities and across national borders. This will be done by:
Supporting Egypt to realize its Vision 2030 for Sustainable Development that focuses on the most vulnerable groups in poor and extremely poor villages through graduating a new generation of sustainability ambassadors who are equipped with the know-how to support the community to move towards sustainable agriculture and develop the rural communities to increase the income of farmers and make villages a more attractive destination.
Modifying and reorienting the existing M.Sc. in Sustainable Development curricula to supply the market with graduates who contribute to the implementation of the country's 2030 Sustainable Development Vision and ensure sustainable rural development.
Capacity building programs to train and equip the professors at AUC with the knowledge and tools to address the different dimensions of sustainable agriculture and rural development in the modified curricula.
Enhancing the infrastructure and pilot implementation of the modified M.Sc. in Sustainable Development Program.
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